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J Affect Disord. 2013 Sep 25;150(3):1082-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2013.04.024. Epub 2013 Jun 17.

Prediction of the time-course pattern of remission in depression by using clinical, neuropsychological, and genetic variables.

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1
Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Morelia, Mich., Mexico. ferre@umich.mx

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The prediction of remission in pharmacologically-treated MDD patients has been scarcely studied. The goal of our work is to study the possible effect of clinical variables, neuropsychological performance, and the 5HTTLPR, the rs25531 of the SLC6A4 gene, and the val108/58Met of the COMT gene polymorphisms on the prediction of the speed of remission in MDD patients.

METHODS:

Seventy-two depressed patients were genotyped according to the aforementioned polymorphisms and were clinically and neuropsychologically assessed before a 12-week fluoxetine treatment.

RESULTS:

From this original sample 51 patients were considered as remitters at the end of week 12. Thirteen out of those showed a rapid response pattern, 24 showed an oscillating response pattern, and 14 showed a slow response pattern. The following variable combination is capable of showing a statistically significant relationship with the pattern of remission of patients with MDD: initial Hamilton score, age at first depressive episode, AG and GG alleles of the val108/58Met COMT polymorphism, Stroop PC, and SWM Strategy.

LIMITATIONS:

We have a slightly small sample size, which came to prominence during the data analysis since we were working with 3 subgroups. In this study, the placebo effect has not been controlled.

DISCUSSION:

Our data suggest that the patients with MDD who remit after a 12-week treatment with fluoxetine show one of the following time-course patterns: a rapid symptomatic improvement, or a slow or oscillating pattern of remission. A combination of clinical, neuropsychological, and genetic variables allows us to predict these response patterns.

KEYWORDS:

5HTTLPR; Antidepressant response; COMT; Major depressive disorder; Neuropsychological assessment; Polymorphism

PMID:
23787408
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2013.04.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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