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Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2013 Oct;36(5):259-64. doi: 10.1016/j.clae.2013.02.010. Epub 2013 Jun 17.

Small optical zones with aspheric profiles in laser refractive surgery for myopia: a surgical outcome and patient satisfaction study.

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1
University of Ulster, School of Biomedical Sciences, Coleraine, UK.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess the outcomes of small optical zone (OZ) ablations used in conjunction with large transition zones (TZ) and a highly aspheric treatment profile.

METHODS:

Interventional case series of 39 consecutive patients with myopia or myopic astigmatism. Patient data included pre and postoperative refraction and visual acuities, laser treatment settings and pre and postoperative corneal topography as well as questionnaire responses about the use of glasses and the quality of vision postoperatively.

RESULTS:

The mean preoperative spherical equivalent was -4.50±2.11 dioptres (D) and the mean OZ and TZ diameters were 4.5±0.5mm and 8.1±0.4mm, respectively. The mean patient age was 40.7±10.4 years. Manifest spherical refraction was within ±0.5D in 87% of patients (±1.0D in 99%) and cylindrical refraction within 0.5D in 79% (≤1.0D in 95%). The need to wear distance glasses postoperatively was associated with dissatisfaction with the quality of daytime vision (p=0.05) and unhappiness with night vision was associated with symptoms of halos (p=0.03) and starbursts (p=0.02). The proportion of patients reporting symptoms of dysphotopsias included: ghosting 0%; glare 2%; halos 10%; and starbursts 15%. There was a significant difference in the measured mean effective OZ diameter (4.8±0.3mm) compared to the mean programmed OZ (4.5±0.5mm, p=0.00).

CONCLUSIONS:

Small ablation zones, when used in conjunction with a large diameter TZ, do not lead to a greater incidence of unwanted visual phenomena over that reported by many studies with larger OZs.

KEYWORDS:

LASEK; LASIK; Optical aberrations; Refractive Surgery

PMID:
23787246
DOI:
10.1016/j.clae.2013.02.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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