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J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Nov;57(5):673-6. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e31829fad06.

Differences in circulating carnitine status of preterm infants fed fortified human milk or preterm infant formula.

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1
*Departments of Medical Genetics †Paediatrics, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary ‡Kinderklinik and Kinderpoliklinik, Dr von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, Munich, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the study was to compare plasma carnitine profiles in fortified human milk (HM)-fed preterm infants or formula-fed preterm infants.

METHODS:

Plasma acylcarnitine concentrations were determined in 20 formula-fed and 18 HM-fed preterm infants (birth weights between 1000 and 2200 g) by isotope dilution ESI MS/MS technique on study days 0, 14, and 28.

RESULTS:

Concentrations of free carnitine (FC) and different acylcarnitines did not change during the 4 weeks of the study in infants fed HM. In contrast, in infants fed formula FC increased markedly (day 0: 29.989 [16.646] μmol/L, median [interquartile range], day 14: 43.972 [8.455], P < 0.05) along with increases of short-chain esters (C2 day 0: 5.300 [3.272], day 14: 6.773 [2.127], P < 0.05; C3 day 0: 0.070 [0.059], day 14: 0.110 [0.069], P < 0.05). In contrast, some medium-chain (C8:1, C12) and long-chain esters (C14, C16) decreased significantly in infant formula by day 14, whereas FC and C2 and C3 esters increased further by day 28 (FC: 47.672 [14.753], C2: 7.430 [4.688], C3: 0.107 [0.047]).

CONCLUSIONS:

The altered carnitine ester profile likely reflects active involvement of the carnitine molecule in the buffering, metabolism, and elimination of nonphysiological acyl moieties.

PMID:
23783025
DOI:
10.1097/MPG.0b013e31829fad06
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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