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Ups J Med Sci. 2013 Nov;118(4):235-9. doi: 10.3109/03009734.2013.808295. Epub 2013 Jun 20.

Effect of dexmedetomidine on plasma brain-derived neurotrophic factor: A double-blind, randomized and placebo-controlled study.

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1
Department of Anesthesiology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University and Anesthesiology Research Institute, Central South University , Changsha, Hunan , People's Republic of China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Dexmedetomidine (DEX) has neuro-protective effects, but the clinical mechanism remains unclear.

METHOD:

Forty patients were randomly divided into two groups: group A (control) and group B (treated with DEX). Plasma concentrations of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were determined in blood samples using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays at five time points: T1 (baseline), T2 (15 minutes after intubation and before the surgery was started), T3 (the end of surgery), T4 (10 minutes after extubation in the post-anesthesia care unit), and T5 (24 hours after the surgery). Changes in bispect (BIS) index, heart rates, and doses of anesthetics used for induction were also recorded.

RESULTS:

Baseline plasma concentrations of BDNF did not differ between group A and group B; 15 minutes after induction, concentrations of plasma BDNF were significantly reduced in group A. Twenty-four hours after surgery, the concentration was still higher in group B than in group A. In contrast, plasma concentrations of BDNF at other time points tested did not differ between the two groups.

CONCLUSION:

It appears that DEX could reverse the reduced plasma concentrations of BDNF caused by anesthetics, and this effect lasted for 24 hours after surgery.

PMID:
23781882
PMCID:
PMC4190894
DOI:
10.3109/03009734.2013.808295
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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