Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Virol. 2013 Aug;57(4):361-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2013.04.006. Epub 2013 Apr 24.

Varicella-zoster meningoencephaloradiculoneuropathy in an immunocompetent young woman.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosciences, Niguarda Ca' Granda Hospital, Milan, Italy. vittorio.mantero@hotmail.com

Abstract

The clinical manifestations of varicella-zoster virus infections can be divided into primary infection with chickenpox and reactivated infection with dermatomal shingles, disseminated herpes zoster, zoster sine herpete and varicella-zoster virus encephalitis, meningitis and vasculopathy. We present a case of zoster sine herpete leading to meningitis with cranial and peripheral nerve palsies. A 17-year-old woman was admitted to hospital with intermittent fever, drowsiness, slowness and subsequent frontal headache and horizontal diplopia. Cerebrospinal fluid examination revealed lymphocytic pleocytosis and PCR amplified varicella-zoster virus DNA. Laboratory and clinical findings were suggestive of meningoencephaloradiculoneuropathy, stemming from varicella-zoster virus and affecting cranial and peripheral nerves. Only 5% of patients with zoster develop cranial and peripheral nerve palsies. Diagnosis is imperative in order to initiate prompt antiviral therapy so as to minimize morbidity and the risk of death.

PMID:
23778237
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcv.2013.04.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center