Send to

Choose Destination
Conscious Cogn. 2013 Sep;22(3):846-52. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2013.05.008. Epub 2013 Jun 15.

The effect of mindfulness meditation on time perception.

Author information

School of Psychology, Keynes College, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NP, Kent, UK. Electronic address:


Research has increasingly focussed on the benefits of meditation in everyday life and performance. Mindfulness in particular improves attention, working memory capacity, and reading comprehension. Given its emphasis on moment-to-moment awareness, we hypothesised that mindfulness meditation would alter time perception. Using a within-subjects design, participants carried out a temporal bisection task, where several probe durations are compared to "short" and "long" standards. Following this, participants either listened to an audiobook or a meditation that focussed on the movement of breath in the body. Finally, participants completed the temporal bisection task for a second time. The control group showed no change after the listening task. However, meditation led to a relative overestimation of durations. Within an internal clock framework, a change in attentional resources can produce longer perceived durations. This meditative effect has wider implications for the use of mindfulness as an everyday practice and a basis for clinical treatment.


Arousal; Attention; Meditation; Mindfulness; Temporal bisection; Time perception

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center