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Vaccine. 2013 Aug 12;31(36):3675-82. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2013.06.010. Epub 2013 Jun 15.

Basophils help establish protective immunity induced by irradiated larval vaccination for filariasis.

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1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA.

Abstract

Basophils are increasingly recognized as playing important roles in the immune response toward helminths. In this study, we evaluated the role of basophils in vaccine-mediated protection against filariae, tissue-invasive parasitic nematodes responsible for diseases such as elephantiasis and river blindness. Protective immunity and immunological responses were assessed in BALB/c mice vaccinated with irradiated L3 stage larvae and depleted of basophils with weekly injections of anti-CD200R3 antibody. Depletion of basophils after administration of the vaccination regimen but before challenge infection did not alter protective immunity. In contrast, basophil depletion initiated prior to vaccination and continued after challenge infection significantly attenuated the protective effect conferred by vaccination. Vaccine-induced cellular immune responses to parasite antigen were substantially decreased in basophil-depleted mice, with significant decreases in CD4(+) T-cell production of IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, and IFN-γ. Interestingly, skin mast cell numbers, which increased significantly after vaccination with irradiated L3 larvae, were unchanged after vaccination in basophil-depleted mice. These findings demonstrate that basophils help establish the immune responses responsible for irradiated L3 vaccine protection.

KEYWORDS:

Basophil; Filariasis; Helminth; Litomosoides sigmodontis; Type 2 immunity; Vaccine

PMID:
23777951
PMCID:
PMC3733094
DOI:
10.1016/j.vaccine.2013.06.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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