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Int J Appl Basic Med Res. 2013 Jan;3(1):3-10. doi: 10.4103/2229-516X.112229.

Recent advances in antibacterial drugs.

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Department of Pharmacology, Govt. Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India.


The incidence of antimicrobial resistance is on continued rise with a threat to return to the "pre-antibiotic" era. This has led to emergence of such bacterial infections which are essentially untreatable by the current armamentarium of available treatment options. Various efforts have been made to develop the newer antimicrobials with novel modes of action which can act against these multi-drug resistant strains. This review aims to focus on these newly available and investigational antibacterials approved after year 2000, their mechanism of actions/resistance, and spectrum of activity and their phases of clinical trials. Newer unexploited targets and strategies for the next generation of antimicrobial drugs for combating the drug resistance and emerging pathogens in the 21(st) century have also been reviewed in the present article.


Biopotentiators; clostridium difficile infection; doripenem; pleuromutilin; virulence inhibitors

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