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Int J Appl Basic Med Res. 2011 Jan;1(1):43-7. doi: 10.4103/2229-516X.81980.

Psychopathology of school going children in the age group of 10-15 years.

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Department of Psychiatry, Adesh Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Bathinda, Punjab, India.



Psychiatric problems in children are rising and reported cases represent only the tip of the iceberg; large number remains unreported in India. There is limited data on childhood mental disorders and mental health needs in Northern-India.


The main objective of this research was to study the extent and nature of psychiatric disorders in school children in a defined geographical area and to study their psychosocial correlates.


In this cross sectional study, Childhood Psychopathology Measurement Schedule (CPMS) was used to measure the magnitude of 982 students in the age group of 10-15 years from four randomly selected schools in a city of North India. Screening stage was followed by detailed evaluation stage in which children were diagnosed by ICD-10 criteria. Statistical analysis was done by percentage and Chi-square test.


The results showed that among 982 students, 199 (20.2%) had psychiatric morbidity. Most of them were in the age group of 13-14 yrs, from middle income group and were second in birth order. No significant sexual preference was found regarding distribution of the disorders. Specific phobia; other non organic sleep disorders like sleep talking, bruxism; tension headache found to be the most prevalent disorders followed by sleep terror, hyperkinetic disorder, pica, enuresis.


Epidemiological studies should be started early in childhood and carried longitudinally for development of preventive, promotional and curative programme in the community.


Prevalence; child psychopathology; mental illness; schoolchildren

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