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PLoS One. 2013 Jun 12;8(6):e66077. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0066077. Print 2013.

Two pore channel 2 differentially modulates neural differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Abstract

Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is an endogenous Ca(2+) mobilizing nucleotide presented in various species. NAADP mobilizes Ca(2+) from acidic organelles through two pore channel 2 (TPC2) in many cell types and it has been previously shown that NAADP can potently induce neuronal differentiation in PC12 cells. Here we examined the role of TPC2 signaling in the neural differentiation of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. We found that the expression of TPC2 was markedly decreased during the initial ES cell entry into neural progenitors, and the levels of TPC2 gradually rebounded during the late stages of neurogenesis. Correspondingly, TPC2 knockdown accelerated mouse ES cell differentiation into neural progenitors but inhibited these neural progenitors from committing to neurons. Overexpression of TPC2, on the other hand, inhibited mouse ES cell from entering the early neural lineage. Interestingly, TPC2 knockdown had no effect on the differentiation of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes of mouse ES cells. Taken together, our data indicate that TPC2 signaling plays a temporal and differential role in modulating the neural lineage entry of mouse ES cells, in that TPC2 signaling inhibits ES cell entry to early neural progenitors, but is required for late neuronal differentiation.

PMID:
23776607
PMCID:
PMC3680454
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0066077
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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