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Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2012 Sep;16(3):119-23. doi: 10.4103/0019-5278.111753.

Mesothelioma among shipyard workers in Monfalcone, Italy.

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1
Center for the Study of Environmental Cancer, Italian League against Cancer, Monfalcone, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The high mesothelioma incidence in Monfalcone, Italy, is mainly attributable to shipbuilding activity. Mesothelioma risk among shipyard workers in Monfalcone is poorly defined.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Workers hired at the Monfalcone shipyards in the period 1950-1959 were identified by surveying shipyard roll. The list of the workers was coupled with the archive data of Monfalcone and Trieste Hospitals. Mesotheliomas diagnosed in the above people were reexamined.

RESULTS:

Of 1,403 workers hired in 1950-1959, 35 were diagnosed with mesothelioma (34 pleural, one peritoneal) between 1978 and 2012. Latency periods exceeded 40 years in 31 cases. The highest percentage of mesotheliomas was observed among people aged 14-19 years at hiring time (3.4%). Four mesothelioma patients had a blood relative with the same tumor.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present findings show high mesothelioma percentage among shipyard workers hired at young ages. The effects of asbestos exposure begun in 1950-1959 cannot be considered as exhausted.

KEYWORDS:

Age; asbestos; asbestos bodies; familial mesothelioma; latency period; mesothelioma; peritoneum; pleura; shipyards

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