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Cardiology. 2013;125(3):192-200. doi: 10.1159/000350364. Epub 2013 Jun 15.

DNA enzyme ED5 depletes egr-1 and inhibits neointimal hyperplasia in rats.

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1
Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Depletion of early growth response factor-1 (Egr-1) by a DNA enzyme, ED5, inhibits neointimal hyperplasia (NH) following vascular injury by an unknown mechanism. The aim of this study was to characterize the effects of ED5 in a rat carotid injury model in order to elucidate the mechanism by which ED5 inhibits NH.

METHODS:

ED5 was transfected into the arterial wall of Wistar rats using FuGENE6 transfection reagent following artery balloon injury. Hematoxylin and eosin staining, immunohistochemistry, real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting analysis were used to characterize the response to ED5.

RESULTS:

NH decreased significantly in the ED5- plus FuGENE6-treated rats (p < 0.05) compared with the control groups, and this was accompanied by a reduced inflammatory response. Egr-1 mRNA and protein levels were significantly decreased in the ED5-treated group, as expected. The decrease in Egr-1 was accompanied by decreases in the mRNA and protein levels of PDGF-BB, Cyclin D1, CDK4, MCP-1, and ICAM-1 (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Transfection of the Egr-1-specific synthetic DNA enzyme ED5 significantly reduced NH after injury in rats, at least in part, as a result of decreased expression of downstream proliferative genes such as PDGF-BB, Cyclin D1, CDK4, and the inflammatory factors MCP-1 and ICAM-1.

PMID:
23774133
DOI:
10.1159/000350364
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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