Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
BJU Int. 2013 Aug;112(3):398-403. doi: 10.1111/bju.12173. Epub 2013 Jun 14.

No small slam: increasing incidents of genitourinary injury from toilets and toilet seats.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, University of California San Francisco (UCSF), San Francisco, CA 94143-0738, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the epidemiology of genitourinary (GU) injury from toilets that present to USA Emergency rooms (ERs).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) is a stratified probability sample of hospital ER visits for USA consumer product-related injuries. NEISS was used to estimate total toilet- and toilet seat-related GU injury for the years 2002-2010, as well as to describe demographics and injury characteristics. Analyses were performed using strata, primary sampling units and sample weights to accommodate the complex sample survey design. Data are reported as national estimates with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) provided.

RESULTS:

In all, 13 175 (95% CI 10 185-16 165) GU injuries related to toilets presented to ERs during 2002-2010. The most common mechanism involved crush from accidental fall of toilet seat, described in 9011 (68.4%, 95% CI 6907-11 115) cases. Most crush injuries were isolated to the penis (98.1%). Of crush injuries, 81.7% occurred in children aged 2-3 years and 99.3% occurred in the home. Crush injuries increased over the period 2002-2010 (P = 0.017) by ≈100 per year, ending with an estimated 1707 (95% CI 1011-2402) by 2010. Most patients who sustained toilet- and toilet seat-related GU injuries were treated in the ER and then discharged.

CONCLUSION:

While penile crush injury related to a toilet seat is an uncommon mechanism of urological injury in children, the number of incidents appears to be rising. These findings support educational efforts and interventions, such as exchange of heavy toilet seats with slow-close toilet seat technology.

KEYWORDS:

penile crush injury; toilet; toilet seat

PMID:
23773285
PMCID:
PMC3928812
DOI:
10.1111/bju.12173
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center