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J Reprod Immunol. 2013 Sep;99(1-2):33-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jri.2013.04.004. Epub 2013 Jun 14.

The expression of B7-H1 and B7-H4 co-stimulatory molecules on myeloid and plasmacytoid dendritic cells in pre-eclampsia and normal pregnancy.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Perinatology, Medical University of Lublin, Poland. Electronic address: dorotak@mp.pl.

Abstract

The aim of our study was to estimate the expression of B7-H1 and B7-H4 molecules on myeloid and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (DCs) in the peripheral blood of patients with pre-eclampsia, normal pregnant women and healthy non-pregnant women. Thirty-three patients with pre-eclampsia, 26 normal pregnant women, and 12 healthy non-pregnant women were included in the study. Dendritic cells were isolated from peripheral blood, stained with monoclonal antibodies against blood dendritic cell antigens and B7-H1 and B7-H4 molecules and estimated using flow cytometry. The expression of B7-H1 and B7-H4 molecules was significantly higher on CD1c(+) myeloid and CD303(+) plasmacytoid DCs in the first trimester of pregnancy than in the luteal phase of the ovarian cycle (CD1c(+)B7-H1(+): 19.19±10.55% vs. 11.99±6.79%; p<0.05; CD1c(+)B7-H4(+): 12.01±9.15% vs. 3.98±1.97%, p<0.001; CD303(+)B7-H1(+): 4.15±2.38% vs. 1.70±0.87%, p<0.05; CD303(+)B7-H4(+): 5.44±2.93% vs. 2.33±1.54%, p<0.01). Moreover, the expression of the B7-H1 molecule on CD1c(+) DCs in the second trimester of normal pregnancy was significantly higher than in the first trimester, but in the third trimester they decreased compared with the second trimester (II vs. I trimester: 32.23±11.30% vs. 19.19±10.55%, p<0.01; III vs. II trimester: 32.23±11.30% vs. 22.39±8.19%, p<0.01). The expression of B7-H1 molecule on CD1c(+) myeloid and CD303(+) plasmacytoid DCs was significantly lower in pre-eclampsia than in healthy third-trimester pregnant women (CD1c(+)B7-H1(+): 13.78±6.26% vs. 22.39±8.19%, p<0.05; CD303(+)B7-H1(+): 3.66±2.46% vs. 8.65±3.15%, p<0.01). Higher expressions of B7-H1 and B7-H4 molecules on CD1c(+) myeloid and CD303(+) plasmacytoid DCs in the first trimester of pregnancy suggest the role they play in the immunomodulation during early pregnancy.

KEYWORDS:

B7-H1 molecule; B7-H4 molecule; Dendritic cells; Pre-eclampsia; Pregnancy

PMID:
23773232
DOI:
10.1016/j.jri.2013.04.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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