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J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Jan-Feb;21(1):171-80. doi: 10.1136/amiajnl-2013-001694. Epub 2013 Jun 14.

Genetic data and electronic health records: a discussion of ethical, logistical and technological considerations.

Author information

1
Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The completion of sequencing the human genome in 2003 has spurred the production and collection of genetic data at ever increasing rates. Genetic data obtained for clinical purposes, as is true for all results of clinical tests, are expected to be included in patients' medical records. With this explosion of information, questions of what, when, where and how to incorporate genetic data into electronic health records (EHRs) have reached a critical point. In order to answer these questions fully, this paper addresses the ethical, logistical and technological issues involved in incorporating these data into EHRs.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This paper reviews journal articles, government documents and websites relevant to the ethics, genetics and informatics domains as they pertain to EHRs.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

The authors explore concerns and tasks facing health information technology (HIT) developers at the intersection of ethics, genetics, and technology as applied to EHR development.

CONCLUSIONS:

By ensuring the efficient and effective incorporation of genetic data into EHRs, HIT developers will play a key role in facilitating the delivery of personalized medicine.

KEYWORDS:

Electronic Health Records; Ethics, Medical; Genomics; Individualized Medicine; Medical Informatics

PMID:
23771953
PMCID:
PMC3912723
DOI:
10.1136/amiajnl-2013-001694
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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