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Pol Przegl Chir. 2013 May;85(5):271-8. doi: 10.2478/pjs-2013-0041.

Evaluation of the levels of metalloproteinsase-2 in patients with abdominal aneurysm and abdominal hernias.

Abstract

Abdominal aortic aneurysms and abdominal hernias become an important health problems of our times. Abdominal aortic aneurysm and its rupture is one of the most dangerous fact in vascular surgery. There are some theories pointing to a multifactoral genesis of these kinds of diseases, all of them assume the attenuation of abdominal fascia and abdominal aortic wall. The density and continuity of these structures depend on collagen and elastic fibers structure. Reducing the strength of the fibers may be due to changes in the extracellular matrix (ECM) by the proteolytic enzymes-matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that degrade extracellular matrix proteins. These enzymes play an important role in the development of many disease: malignant tumors (colon, breast, lung, pancreas), cardiovascular disease (myocardial infarction, ischemia-reperfusion injury), connective tissue diseases (Ehler-Danlos Syndrome, Marfan's Syndrome), complications of diabetes (retinopathy, nephropathy). One of the most important is matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2). The aim of the study was an estimation of the MMP-2 blood levels in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm and primary abdominal hernia, and in patients with only abdominal aortic aneurysm.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The study involved 88 patients aged 42 to 89 years, including 75 men and 13 women. Patients were divided into two groups: patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm and primary abdominal hernia (45 persons, representing 51.1% of all group) and patients with only abdominal aortic aneurysm (43 persons, representing 48,9% of all group).

RESULTS:

It was a statistically significant increase in MMP-2 blood levels in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm and primary abdominal hernia compared to patients with only abdominal aortic aneurysm. It was a statistically significant increase in the prevalence of POCHP in patients with only abdominal aortic aneurysm compared to patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm and primary abdominal hernia.

CONCLUSIONS:

Statistically significant higher MMP-2 blood levels in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm and primary abdominal hernia seems shows that this enzyme plays a role in the pathogenesis of primary abdominal hernias. The observed distribution of MMP-2 blood levels in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm and primary abdominal hernia may raise the conclusion that this enzyme determines the presence of multi-organ failure of the connective tissue--the patients with only abdominal aortic aneurysm had significantly lower MMP-2 blood levels.

PMID:
23770527
DOI:
10.2478/pjs-2013-0041
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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