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Nanomedicine. 2014 Jan;10(1):257-67. doi: 10.1016/j.nano.2013.06.003. Epub 2013 Jun 12.

Gene recombinant bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells as a tumor-targeted suicide gene delivery vehicle in pulmonary metastasis therapy using non-viral transfection.

Author information

1
Institute of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, P.R. China.
2
Institute of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, P.R. China. Electronic address: hu_yulan@hotmail.com.
3
Department of Biomaterials, Field of Tissue Engineering, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
4
Institute of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, P.R. China. Electronic address: gaojianqing@zju.edu.cn.

Abstract

One of the main limitations of anti-tumor gene therapy is the lack of an effective way to deliver therapeutic genes to tumor sites. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have been proposed as cellular delivery vehicles to tumor sites in tumor-targeted cancer gene therapy. Here, we investigated the therapeutic effects of cytomegalovirus-thymidine kinase expressing BMSCs (TK-BMSCs) on pulmonary melanoma metastasis combined with prodrug ganciclovir. BMSCs were successfully engineered through a non-viral gene vector. The gene recombinant BMSCs migrated to the pulmonary area and were found to have the tendency to target tumor nodules after systemic delivery. In vitro results demonstrate that the engineered BMSCs have significant suicide effects in the presence of ganciclovir in a dose-dependent manner and can exert a sufficient bystander effect on B16F10 tumor cells in co-culture experiments. In vivo studies confirmed the therapeutic effects of TK-BMSCs/ganciclovir on the metastasis tumor model.

FROM THE CLINICAL EDITOR:

This study investigates the possibility of gene transfer via bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in anti-cancer gene therapy using a metastatic melanoma model and cytomegalovirus-thymidine kinase expressing stem cells, demonstrating clear therapeutic effects.

KEYWORDS:

BMSCs; CMV-TK/GCV; Non-viral gene vector; Pulmonary melanoma metastasis; Suicide gene therapy

PMID:
23770065
DOI:
10.1016/j.nano.2013.06.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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