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Med Biol Eng Comput. 1990 May;28(3):232-6.

Blood plasma proteins on polyurethane and alkylsiloxane plasma-treated polyurethane surfaces. Dynamic approach by stimulus-response technique. Part 2. Evaluation of adsorption data by moment technique.

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Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.


In this study, interactions of blood proteins (i.e. albumin and fibrinogen) with polyurethane biomaterial surfaces were investigated in an in vitro bead column test circuit using a stimulus-response technique. The dynamic sorption process of radiolabelled proteins on the surfaces was followed by detecting the radioactivity at the exit stream of the column, which was the response of a pulse stimulus at the inlet. The mathematical model was described and solved using 'parameter estimation by cybernetic moment technique', and the adsorption rate constants of plasma proteins on different biomaterial surfaces were calculated. By evaluation of the response curves with standard and cybernetic moment techniques, the following results were obtained. Albumin and fibrinogen adsorption is competitive, and the competition is strongly dependent upon the surface characteristics of the biomaterial. Preadsorption or preferential adsorption of albumin decreases the fibrinogen adsorption, and therefore increases the biocompatibility of material surface. Adsorption of blood plasma proteins are irreversible. The moment technique can also be used for the evaluation of stimulus-response data of biological systems, to determine the process parameters.

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