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Radiother Oncol. 2013 Jul;108(1):48-54. doi: 10.1016/j.radonc.2013.05.009. Epub 2013 Jun 11.

Gender affects acute organ toxicity during radiochemotherapy for rectal cancer: long-term results of the German CAO/ARO/AIO-94 phase III trial.

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1
Department of Radiotherapy, University Medical Center Göttingen, Germany.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The CAO/ARO/AIO-94 phase-III-trial demonstrated a significant improvement of preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) versus postoperative CRT on local control for UICC stage II/III rectal cancer patients, but no effect on long-term survival. In this add-on evaluation, we investigated the association of gender and age with acute toxicity and outcome.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

According to actual treatment analyses, 654 of 799 patients had received pre- (n=406) or postoperative CRT (n=248); in 145 patients postoperative CRT was not applied. Gender, age and clinicopathological parameters were correlated with CRT-associated acute toxicity and survival.

RESULTS:

The 10-year survival was higher in women than in men, with 72.4% versus 65.6% for time to recurrence (p=0.088) and 62.7% versus 58.4% for overall-survival (OS) (p=0.066), as expected. For patients receiving CRT, women showed higher hematologic (p<0.001) and acute organ toxicity (p<0.001) in the entire cohort as well as in subgroup analyses according to pre- (p=0.016) and postoperative CRT (p<0.001). Lowest OS was seen in patients without acute toxicity (p=0.0271). Multivariate analyses for OS showed that acute organ toxicity (p=0.034) was beneficial while age (p<0.001) was associated with worse OS.

DISCUSSION:

Female gender is significantly associated with CRT-induced acute toxicity in rectal cancer. Acute toxicity during CRT may be associated with improved long-term outcome.

KEYWORDS:

Gender; Multimodal treatment; Radiochemotherapy; Rectal cancer; Treatment associated toxicity

PMID:
23768685
DOI:
10.1016/j.radonc.2013.05.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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