Send to

Choose Destination
Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2013 Aug;73(5):422-7. doi: 10.3109/00365513.2013.798870. Epub 2013 Jun 14.

Postload hyperglycemia is associated with increased subclinical inflammation in patients with prediabetes.

Author information

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.



In this present study, we aimed: (i) To clarify if prediabetes is associated with subclinical inflammation independent of underlying obesity, and (ii) to evaluate the effect of postload glucose concentration on subclinical inflammation markers in a group of patients with elevated fasting glucose.


In a cohort of 165 patients with newly detected fasting hyperglycemia, according to 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), subjects were classified either as newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (diabetes group, n = 40), impaired fasting glucose (IFG) plus impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) (IFG/IGT group, n = 42) or IFG only (IFG group, n = 83). A control group (n = 47) consisted of age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy subjects with a normal OGTT. Circulating concentrations of lipids, insulin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were measured. HOMA index was calculated.


Subclinical inflammation markers were elevated in patients with diabetes and IFG/IGT compared to healthy controls and also IFG patients (diabetes vs. control: p < 0.05 for hsCRP, IL-8, and IL-6; IFG/IGT vs. control: p < 0.05 for hsCRP, and IL-6; diabetes vs. IFG: p < 0.05 for hsCRP, and IL-6; IFG/IGT vs. IFG: p < 0.05 for hsCRP, and IL-6). In multiple regression analysis, postload glucose concentration was independently associated with circulating hsCRP and IL-6 concentrations when the data was controlled for age, gender, BMI and lipid concentrations (p < 0.05 for hsCRP, and IL-6).


Our results suggest that patients with prediabetes, independent of underlying obesity, have increased concentrations of subclinical inflammation which is mostly driven by postload glucose concentrations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center