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Ann Burns Fire Disasters. 2012 Dec 31;25(4):196-9.

Evaluation of maternal and foetal outcomes in pregnant women hospitalized in Kermanshah Hospitals, Iran, owing to burn injury, 2003-2008.

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Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.


in English, French

This study addresses maternal and foetal complications in pregnant women hospitalized for burn injuries in 2003-2008. It was a retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study, carried out in pregnant women hospitalized in the burn ward of Imam- Khomeini Hospital, Iran, in 2003-2008 (burn injury rate, 1.88%, 39 cases; mean age, 23.51 ± 4.78 yr). The pregnant woman death rate was 66.7%: 26 patients died because of burn complications and 13 patients (23.3%) survived. The causes and circumstances of the fatalities are reported. There was a statistically significant relationship between burn severity and foetal and maternal mortality rates (p < 0.02). Burn severity was not statistically related to premature delivery and mode of delivery. The factors affecting prognosis and the maternal and foetal death rates were the total burn area, continuous clinical surveillance of the mother and foetus, and employment of appropriate treatment protocols.


burn; foetus; lethal area; mortality; pregnancy

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