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Ind Psychiatry J. 2012 Jan;21(1):18-21. doi: 10.4103/0972-6748.110943.

Migraine: Clinical pattern and psychiatric comorbidity.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Migraine is a common disorder which has psychiatric sequelae.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to determine the clinical pattern and psychiatric comorbidity of migraine.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

100 cases of migraine seen over a period of one year were analysed to know the sociodemographic characteristics, clinical pattern and psychiatric morbidity.

RESULTS:

Maximum patients were between 31-40 years of age group (40%), females (78.0%), married (76%) and housewives (56.0%). Family history of migraine was present in 12% cases. Average age of onset was 22 years. Unilateral and throbbing type of headache was most common. The commonest frequency was one to two per week. Migraine without aura was commonest sub-type (80%). Generalized anxiety disorder (F41.1) was the most common psychiatric disorder (34%), followed by mixed anxiety and depressive disorder (F41.2) (18%) and depressive episode (F32) (14%). In 22% cases, no psychiatric disorder could be elicited.

CONCLUSION:

The present study confirms that majority patients with migraine had psychiatric disorders. This needs timely detection and appropriate intervention to treat and control the migraine effectively.

KEYWORDS:

Migraine; pattern; psychiatric comorbidity

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