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Am J Public Health. 2013 Aug;103(8):1500-6. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.301117. Epub 2013 Jun 13.

Effects of state medical marijuana laws on adolescent marijuana use.

Author information

1
Department of Health Outcomes and Policy and the Institute for Child Health Policy, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA. sarah.landsman@ufl.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Medical marijuana laws (MMLs) have been suggested as a possible cause of increases in marijuana use among adolescents in the United States. We evaluated the effects of MMLs on adolescent marijuana use from 2003 through 2011.

METHODS:

We used data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey and a difference-in-differences design to evaluate the effects of passage of state MMLs on adolescent marijuana use. The states examined (Montana, Rhode Island, Michigan, and Delaware) had passed MMLs at different times over a period of 8 years, ensuring that contemporaneous history was not a design confound.

RESULTS:

In 40 planned comparisons of adolescents exposed and not exposed to MMLs across states and over time, only 2 significant effects were found, an outcome expected according to chance alone. Further examination of the (nonsignificant) estimates revealed no discernible pattern suggesting an effect on either self-reported prevalence or frequency of marijuana use.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results suggest that, in the states assessed here, MMLs have not measurably affected adolescent marijuana use in the first few years after their enactment. Longer-term results, after MMLs are more fully implemented, might be different.

PMID:
23763418
PMCID:
PMC4007871
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2012.301117
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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