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Chin J Physiol. 1990;33(1):89-98.

Contribution of the arterial tissue to vascular pathology in diabetes mellitus.

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Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.


The contribution of peripheral arterial tissue to the development of vascular changes in Diabetes Mellitus (DM) was studied using the perfused tail artery from rats treated with Streptozotocin (25 mg/kg ip for 5 days). Dose-response curves to KCl and phenylephrine (PE) were constructed; the response to PE was significantly higher in DM than control arteries. No difference was found in the response to KCl between DM and controls. The response to vasodilators Acetylcholine (Ach), Papaverine, PAF-Acether were independent of the type of vasoconstrictor used to increase the vascular tone (KCl or PE). The response in the diabetic was significantly smaller than in the control arteries. The infusion of Indomethacin had no effect on the vasodilator response but enhanced the response to PE. The mechanical removal of endothelium increased the response to PE; presumably the vasoconstriction elicited by PE is counterbalanced by the release of vasodilators such as PGI2 and EDRF of endothelium origin. Infusion of Methylene Blue, that inhibits intracellular accumulation of c-GMP, in DM and control preparations partially blocked papaverine response and totally abolished the response to Ach and PAF-Acether. These data support an active participation of the peripheral arterial wall to the pathological changes present in diabetes mellitus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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