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Microbiology. 2013 Aug;159(Pt 8):1770-81. doi: 10.1099/mic.0.067314-0. Epub 2013 Jun 12.

The methylotrophic Bacillus methanolicus MGA3 possesses two distinct fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolases.

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Faculty of Biology & CeBiTec, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany.


The thermotolerant Gram-positive methylotroph Bacillus methanolicus is able to grow with methanol, glucose or mannitol as a sole carbon and energy source. Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase (FBA), a key enzyme of glycolysis and gluconeogenesis, is encoded in the genome of B. methanolicus by two putative fba genes, the chromosomally located fba(C) and fba(P) on the naturally occurring plasmid pBM19. Their amino acid sequences share 75 % identity and suggest a classification as class II aldolases. Both enzymes were purified from recombinant Escherichia coli and were found to be active as homotetramers. Both enzymes were activated by either manganese or cobalt ions, and inhibited by ADP, ATP and EDTA. The kinetic parameters allowed us to distinguish the chromosomally encoded FBA(C) from the plasmid encoded FBA(P), since FBA(C) showed higher affinity towards fructose 1,6-bisphosphate (Km of 0.16±0.01 mM as compared to 2±0.08 mM) as well as higher glycolytic catalytic efficiency (31.3 as compared to 0.8 s(-1) mM(-1)) than FBA(P). However, FBA(P) exhibited a higher catalytic efficiency in gluconeogenesis (50.4 as compared to 1.4 s(-1) mM(-1) with dihydroxyacetone phosphate and 4 as compared to 0.4 s(-1) mM(-1) with glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate as limiting substrate). The aldolase-negative Corynebacterium glutamicum mutant Δfda could be complemented with both FBA genes from B. methanolicus. Based on the kinetic data, we propose that FBA(C) acts as major aldolase in glycolysis, whereas FBA(P) acts as major aldolase in gluconeogenesis in B. methanolicus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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