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Mol Imaging. 2013 Jul-Aug;12(5):277-87.

Impact of anesthetics on 3'-[18F]fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine ([18F]FLT) uptake in animal models of cancer and inflammation.

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Laboratory for Preclinical Imaging and Imaging Technology of the Werner Siemens-Foundation, Department of Preclinical Imaging and Radiopharmacy.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of different anesthetics on 3'-[18F]fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine ([18F]FLT) uptake in carcinomas and arthritic ankles. To determine the amount of [18F]FLT uptake in subcutaneous CT26 colon carcinomas or arthritic ankles, spontaneously room air/medical air-breathing mice were anesthetized with isoflurane, a combination of medetomidine/midazolam, or ketamine/xylazine. Mice were kept conscious or anesthetized during [18F]FLT uptake before the 10-minute static positron emission tomographic (PET) investigations. [18F]FLT uptake in CT26 colon carcinomas and arthritic ankles was calculated by drawing regions of interest. We detected a significantly reduced (4.4 ± 0.9 %ID/cm3) [18F]FLT uptake in the carcinomas of ketamine/xylazine-anesthetized mice compared to the [18F]FLT-uptake in carcinomas of medetomidine/midazolam- (7.0 ± 1.5 %ID/cm3) or isoflurane-anesthetized mice (6.4 ± 1.5 %ID/cm3), whereas no significant differences were observed in arthritic ankles regardless of whether mice were anesthetized or conscious during tracer uptake. The time-activity curves of carcinomas and arthritic ankles yielded diverse [18F]FLT accumulation related to the used anesthetics. [18F]FLT uptake dynamics are different in arthritic ankles and carcinoma, and the magnitude and pharmacokinetics of [18F]FLT uptake are sensitive to anesthetics. Thus, for preclinical in vivo [18F]FLT PET studies in experimental tumor or inflammation models, we recommend the use of isoflurane anesthesia as it yields a stable tracer uptake and is easy to handle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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