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J Transl Med. 2013 Jun 10;11:142. doi: 10.1186/1479-5876-11-142.

CDC20 overexpression predicts a poor prognosis for patients with colorectal cancer.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Oncology in Southern China, Guangzhou 510060, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The cell division cycle 20 homolog (CDC20) is an essential cofactor of the anaphase-promoting complex (APC/C). CDC20 overexpression has been detected in many types of human cancers; however, its clinical role in colorectal cancer remains unknown.

METHODS:

Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were used to compare CDC20 expression in adjacent non-cancerous, cancerous and liver metastatic tissues as well as in colon cancer cell lines and normal colon epithelial cell lines. Additionally, the correlation of CDC20 expression with patient clinical parameters and its diagnostic value were statistically analyzed.

RESULTS:

CDC20 was overexpressed in colon cancer cell lines/primary cancer tissues compared with normal colon epithelial cell lines/adjacent noncancerous tissue samples. Interestingly, CDC20 expression was further increased in metastatic liver tissues. CDC20 protein expression was significantly correlated with clinical stage (P = 0.008), N classification (P = 0.020), M classification (P = 0.013) and pathologic differentiation (P = 0.008). Patients with higher CDC20 expression had a shorter overall survival than those with lower CDC20 expression. Univariate and multivariate analyses indicated that CDC20 expression was an independent prognostic factor (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

CDC20 may serve as a potential prognostic biomarker of human colorectal cancer.

PMID:
23758705
PMCID:
PMC3691738
DOI:
10.1186/1479-5876-11-142
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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