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Bing Du Xue Bao. 2013 Mar;29(2):132-6.

[Complete genome sequence characteristics of human echovirus 9 strain isolated in Yunnan, China].

[Article in Chinese]

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Institute of Medical Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Kunming 650118, China.


To analyze the genomic sequence characteristics of a human Echovirus 9(ECHO-9) strain isolated from a child with Hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Kunming, Yunnan Province, in 2010. The complete genome sequence of a human echovirus 9 strain, MSH-KM812-2010 was determined. As other human enterovirus, its genome was 7,424 nucleotides (nts) in length and encoded for 2,203 amino acids (aas). In comparison to other human enteroviruses, MSH-KM812-2010 strain had the highest homology with other strains of human echovirus 9 in structural genomic regions and more homologous to other serotypes of B specie than to human echovirus 9 in non-structural genomic regions. Phylogenetic analysis based on complete VP1 gene revealed that the sequences of human echovirus 9 segregated into three distinct clades A, B and C with more than 15. 0% diversity between clades. All Chinese isolates belonged to the same clade. RDP3 and Blast revealed evident recombination in non-structural genomic regions. This report is the first to, describe the complete genome of the human echovirus 9 in China and provide an overview of the diversity of genetic characteristics of a circulating human echovirus 9.

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