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Br J Sports Med. 2014 Sep;48(18):1340-6. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092456. Epub 2013 Jun 11.

Compression garments and recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage: a meta-analysis.

Author information

1
School of Sport, Health and Applied Science, St Mary's University College, Twickenham, UK.
2
Faculty of Health and Life of Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK Water Research Group, School of Biological Sciences, North West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
3
GSK Human Performance Lab, GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare, London, UK.
4
Faculty of Health and Life of Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK English Institute of Sport, Manchester, UK.

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of compression garments on recovery following damaging exercise. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted using studies that evaluated the efficacy of compression garments on measures of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), muscular strength, muscular power and creatine kinase (CK). Studies were extracted from a literature search of online databases. Data were extracted from 12 studies, where variables were measured at baseline and at 24 or 48 or 72 h postexercise. Analysis of pooled data indicated that the use of compression garments had a moderate effect in reducing the severity of DOMS (Hedges' g=0.403, 95% CI 0.236 to 0.569, p<0.001), muscle strength (Hedges' g=0.462, 95% CI 0.221 to 0.703, p<0.001), muscle power (Hedges' g=0.487, 95% CI 0.267 to 0.707, p<0.001) and CK (Hedges' g=0.439, 95% CI 0.171 to 0.706, p<0.001). These results indicate that compression garments are effective in enhancing recovery from muscle damage.

KEYWORDS:

DOMS; Exercise physiology; Muscle damage/injuries; Training

PMID:
23757486
DOI:
10.1136/bjsports-2013-092456
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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