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Nervenarzt. 2013 Jun;84(6):747-59; quiz 760-1. doi: 10.1007/s00115-013-3817-5.

[Semiology and propagation of epileptic seizures].

[Article in German]

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Neurologische Universitätsklinik, Breisacher Str. 64, 79106 Freiburg, Deutschland.


The evaluation of episodic seizure-like symptoms is a common challenge in the neurologist's daily routine. The clinical signs (semiology) are the most important puzzle pieces to distinguish epileptic seizures from other episodic entities. Due to the often far-reaching health and social consequences of the diagnosis of epilepsy, the early and rigorous assessment of episodic symptoms by means of the patient history is important. This assessment is based on knowledge of the association of certain semiologies with epileptic syndromes and brain regions; however, certain limitations and pitfalls have to be considered. Typical propagation pathways of seizure activity determine the serial occurrence of semiological features and provide supplementary information.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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