Send to

Choose Destination
Kobe J Med Sci. 2013 Apr 18;59(2):E36-43.

SLC26A3 gene analysis in patients with Bartter and Gitelman syndromes and the clinical characteristics of patients with unidentified mutations.

Author information

Department of Pediatrics, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.


We analyzed the SLC26A3 gene in patients with a clinical diagnosis of Bartter and Gitelman syndromes in whom genetic diagnoses could not be determined. We also examined the genetic and clinical characteristics of patients for whom genetic proof could not be obtained. The present study included 10 patients. With regard to genetic characteristics, 1 patient harbored a heterozygous mutation in the SLC12A3 gene (c.2573T>A, p.L858H), which was also reported in a previous report. With regard to clinical characteristics, 3 patients had abnormalities that were identified incidentally during medical examinations and other illnesses and 1 patient had polyhydramnios. One case of nephrocalcinosis was also noted. Eight patients were of below average height. Although we analyzed the SLC26A3 gene in these 10 patients, none were found to have pathological mutations. Investigation of the outcomes of these cases showed that examination findings had normalized and medication was no longer necessary for 3 patients, whereas hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis were observed in another patient only in the presence of acute disease. We concluded that few patients develop illnesses because of SLC26A3 mutations. Other disease-related genes may also be involved. Although hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis are clinical characteristics of Bartter and Gitelman syndromes, many other conditions also present such symptoms, and thus, differential diagnosis is of paramount importance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Kobe University School of Medicine
Loading ...
Support Center