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Eur Heart J. 2014 Mar;35(10):657-64. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/eht193. Epub 2013 Jun 11.

Myocardial extracellular volume fraction quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance is increased in diabetes and associated with mortality and incident heart failure admission.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

AIMS:

Diabetes may promote myocardial extracellular matrix (ECM) expansion that increases vulnerability. We hypothesized that: (i) type 2 diabetes would be associated with quantitative cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) measures of myocardial ECM expansion, i.e. extracellular volume fraction (ECV); (ii) medications blocking the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) would be associated with lower ECV; and (iii) ECV in diabetic individuals would be associated with mortality and/or incident hospitalization for heart failure.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We enrolled 1176 consecutive patients referred for CMR without amyloidosis and computed ECV from measures of the haematocrit and myocardial and blood T1 pre- and post-contrast. Linear regression modelled ECV; Cox regression modelled mortality and/or hospitalization for heart failure. Diabetic individuals (n = 231) had higher median ECV than those without diabetes (n = 945): 30.2% (IQR: 26.9-32.7) vs. 28.1% (IQR: 25.9-31.0), respectively, P < 0.001). Diabetes remained associated with higher ECV in models adjusting for demographics, comorbidities, and medications (P < 0.001). Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade was associated with lower ECV (P = 0.028) in multivariable linear models. Over a median of 1.3 years (IQR: 0.8-1.9), 38 diabetic individuals had events (21 incident hospitalizations for heart failure; 24 deaths), and ECV was associated with these events (HR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.21-1.89 per 3% ECV increase) in multivariable Cox regression models.

CONCLUSION:

Diabetes is associated with increased ECV. Extracellular volume fraction detects amelioration of ECM expansion associated with RAAS blockade, and is associated with mortality and/or incident hospitalization for heart failure in diabetic individuals. Extracellular matrix expansion may be an important intermediate phenotype in diabetic individuals that is detectable and treatable.

KEYWORDS:

MRI; collagen; diabetes; extracellular matrix; extracellular volume fraction; fibrosis

PMID:
23756336
PMCID:
PMC3945798
DOI:
10.1093/eurheartj/eht193
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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