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PLoS One. 2013 Jun 5;8(6):e62592. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062592. Print 2013.

The IPV-GBM scale: a new scale to measure intimate partner violence among gay and bisexual men.

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Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Hubert Department of Global Health, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.



The paper describes the creation of a new scale to measure intimate partner violence (IPV) among gay and bisexual men.


Seven focus group discussions were held with gay and bisexual men, focusing on defining intimate partner violence: 30 forms of IPV were identified. A venue-recruited sample of 912 gay and bisexual men was surveyed, examining definitional understanding and recent experiences of each of the 30 forms of IPV. Participants were also asked questions from the CDC definition of intimate partner violence and the short-form of the Conflicts Tactics Scale (CTS2S). Factor analysis of responses to the definitional questions was used to create the IPV-GBM scale, and the prevalence of intimate partner violence was compared with that identified by the CDC and CTS2S measures of intimate partner violence.


A 23-item scale, with 5 unique domains, was created, with strong internal reliability (Cronbach Alpha >.90). The IPV-GBM scale mirrored both the CDC and CTS2S definitions of intimate partner violence, but contained additional domains such as controlling violence, monitoring behaviors, emotional violence, and HIV-related violence. The new scale identified a significantly higher prevalence of IPV than either of the more commonly used measures.


The results presented here provide encouraging evidence for a new, more accurate measure of intimate partner violence among gay and bisexual men in the U.S.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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