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Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2013;8:259-71. doi: 10.2147/COPD.S42769. Epub 2013 May 31.

A comparison of three multidimensional indices of COPD severity as predictors of future exacerbations.

Author information

1
Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan. mo-dr@nms.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Prediction of future exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major concern for long-term management of this disease.

AIM:

To determine which of three multidimensional assessment systems (the body mass index, obstruction, dyspnea, and exercise capacity [BODE] index; dyspnea, obstruction, smoking, exacerbations [DOSE] index; or age, dyspnea, obstruction [ADO] index) is superior for predicting exacerbations.

METHODS:

This was a 2-year prospective cohort study of COPD patients. Pulmonary function tests, the 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), Modified Medical Respiratory Council (MMRC) dyspnea scores, chest computed-tomography measurements, and body composition were analyzed, and predictions of exacerbation by the three assessment systems were compared.

RESULTS:

Among 183 patients who completed the study, the mean annual exacerbation rate was 0.57 events per patient year, which correlated significantly with lower predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) (P < 0.001), lower transfer coefficient of the lung for carbon monoxide (%DLco/VA) (P = 0.021), lesser 6MWD (P = 0.016), higher MMRC dyspnea score (P = 0.001), higher DOSE index (P < 0.001), higher BODE index (P = 0.001), higher ADO index (P = 0.001), and greater extent of emphysema (P = 0.002). For prediction of exacerbation, the areas under the curves were larger for the DOSE index than for the BODE and ADO indices (P < 0.001). Adjusted multiple logistic regression identified the DOSE index as a significant predictor of risk of COPD exacerbation.

CONCLUSION:

In this study, the DOSE index was a better predictor of exacerbations of COPD when compared with the BODE and ADO indices.

KEYWORDS:

BODE index; DOSE index; frequency of exacerbation; multidimensional assessment systems

Comment in

PMID:
23754870
PMCID:
PMC3674751
DOI:
10.2147/COPD.S42769
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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