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Am J Clin Nutr. 1990 Aug;52(2):263-6.

Calorie restriction and iopanoic acid effects on thyroid hormone metabolism.

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Department of Medicine, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, NY 11030.


We measured the effects of iopanoic acid on thyroid hormone metabolism in obese men during severe calorie restriction to study the nutrition regulation of thyroid hormone metabolism. Eight morbidly obese men received a weight-maintenance diet followed by 6 wk of 600 kcal/d. During underfeeding, patients received iopanoic acid or placebo for 2-wk periods in a double-blind crossover fashion. Underfeeding alone (UF) produced a 28.3% decline in the serum triiodothyronine (T3) concentration, and iopanoic acid plus underfeeding (IOP) produced a 49.5% decline in T3 concentration from baseline. Serum reverse T3 concentrations increased 289% during IOP compared with UF alone (p less than 0.001). Serum TSH concentration was unchanged by underfeeding but increased twofold during IOP treatment. Thyroid hormone kinetics demonstrated a decrease in T3 production during IOP compared with UF. These findings suggest that calorie restriction regulates T3 production by modulating only type I 5'-deiodinase activity.

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