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Phytochemistry. 2013 Aug;92:113-21. doi: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2013.05.005. Epub 2013 Jun 8.

Polyphenols from the bark of Rhus verniciflua and their biological evaluation on antitumor and anti-inflammatory activities.

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Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, 12 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.


Bioassay-guided fractionation and chemical investigation of the extract of Rhus verniciflua bark resulted in the identification of six polyphenols, rhusopolyphenols A-F (1-6), together with four known compounds including (2R,3S,10S)-7,8,9,13-tetrahydroxy-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2,3-trans-3,4-cis-2,3,10-trihydrobenzopyrano[3,4-c]-2-benzopyran-1-one (7), peapolyphenol C (8), cilicione-b (9) and (αR)-α,3,4,2',4'-pentahydroxydihydrochalcone (10). The structures of these polyphenols were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, including 1D and 2D NMR, and HR-ESIMS, and their absolute configurations were further confirmed by a combination of chemical methods and CD data analysis. All isolates were evaluated for their antiproliferative activities against four human tumor cell lines (A549, SK-OV-3, SK-MEL-2, and HCT-15), and compounds 4-6, 9 and 10 showed antiproliferative activity against the tested cells, with IC50 values of 3.31-18.51 μM. On the basis of the expanded understanding that inflammation is a crucial cause of tumor progression, the anti-inflammatory activities of these compounds were determined by measuring nitric oxide (NO) levels in the medium of murine microglia BV-2 cells. Compounds 5 and 10 significantly inhibited NO production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine microglia BV-2 cells with IC50 values of 28.90 and 12.70 μM, respectively.

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