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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2013 Jul 10;5(13):6292-9. doi: 10.1021/am401330g. Epub 2013 Jun 20.

Scalable synthesis of urchin- and flowerlike hierarchical NiO microspheres and their electrochemical property for lithium storage.

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Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, NUSNNI-NanoCore, National University of Singapore, Singapore.


A nickel salt-urea-H2O ternary system has been developed for the large-scale synthesis of hierarchical α-Ni(OH)2 microspheres, the solid precursor for the subsequent topotactic transition to NiO upon calcination. In this facile synthetic system, hierarchical structure is self-assembled under the cooperative direction of urea and anions in nickel salts. Thus, simply tuning the Ni salts leads to the selective construction of urchin and flowerlike hierarchical α-Ni(OH)2 and NiO microspheres consisting of radial 1D nanowires and 2D nanoplates, respectively. The obtained NiO microspheres possessing accessible nanopores, excellent structural stability and large surface area up to 130 m(2)/g show promising electrochemical performance in anodic lithium storage for lithium-ion battery.

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