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J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2014 Jan;40(1):300-5. doi: 10.1037/a0033337. Epub 2013 Jun 10.

The production effect: costs and benefits in free recall.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, John Carroll University.
2
Department of Psychology, Washington University in St. Louis.

Abstract

The production effect, the memorial benefit for information read aloud versus silently, has been touted as a simple memory improvement tool. The current experiments were designed to evaluate the relative costs and benefits of production using a free recall paradigm. Results extend beyond prior work showing a production effect only when production is manipulated within subject, not between, using a free recall paradigm. Furthermore, the results also indicate that the production effect is primarily driven by decreased memory for items read silently, not increased memory for items read aloud.

PMID:
23751006
DOI:
10.1037/a0033337
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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