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Subst Use Misuse. 2013 Jun;48(8):574-80. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2013.787092. Epub 2013 Jun 10.

Bidirectional associations between future time perspective and substance use among continuation high-school students.

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  • 1University of Southern California, Department of Preventive Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA. embarnet@usc.edu

Abstract

We examined whether a bidirectional, longitudinal relationship exists between future time perspective (FTP), measured with the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, and any past 30-day use of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, or hard drugs among continuation high school students (N = 1,310, mean age 16.8 years) in a large urban area. We found increased FTP to be protective against drug use for all substances except alcohol. While any baseline use of substances did not predict changes in FTP 1 year later. The discussion explores why alcohol findings may differ from other substances. Future consideration of FTP as a mediator of program effects is explored.

PMID:
23750661
PMCID:
PMC4181553
DOI:
10.3109/10826084.2013.787092
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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