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HPB (Oxford). 2013 Jul;15(7):504-10. doi: 10.1111/j.1477-2574.2012.00602.x. Epub 2012 Nov 19.

Obesity portends increased morbidity and earlier recurrence following liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33606, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Obesity has been associated with poor oncologic outcomes following pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic cancer. However, there is a paucity of evidence on the impact of obesity on postoperative complications, oncologic outcome and survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).

METHODS:

From a database of over 1000 patients who underwent OLT during 1996-2008, 159 patients with a diagnosis of HCC were identified. Demographic data, body mass index (BMI), perioperative parameters, recurrence and survival were obtained. Complications were grouped according to Clavien-Dindo grading (Grades I-V).

RESULTS:

There were increased incidences of life-threatening complications in overweight (58%) and obese (70%) patients compared with the non-obese patient group (41%) (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the incidence of recurrence of HCC was doubled in the presence of overweight (15%) and obesity (15%) compared with non-obesity (7%) (P < 0.05). Time to recurrence also decreased significantly. Differences in mean ± standard deviation survival in the overweight (45 ± 3 months) and obese (41 ± 4 months) groups compared with the non-obese group (58 ± 6 months) did not reach statistical significance.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings indicate that BMI is an important surrogate marker for obesity and portends an increased risk for complications and a poorer oncologic outcome following OLT for HCC.

PMID:
23750492
PMCID:
PMC3692019
DOI:
10.1111/j.1477-2574.2012.00602.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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