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PLoS One. 2013 Jun 4;8(6):e65350. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065350. Print 2013.

NMDA-receptor activation but not ion flux is required for amyloid-beta induced synaptic depression.

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1
Département de Physiologie, Groupe de Recherche sur le Système Nerveux Central, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Abstract

Alzheimer disease is characterized by a gradual decrease of synaptic function and, ultimately, by neuronal loss. There is considerable evidence supporting the involvement of oligomeric amyloid-beta (Aβ) in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease. Historically, AD research has mainly focused on the long-term changes caused by Aβ rather than analyzing its immediate effects. Here we show that acute perfusion of hippocampal slice cultures with oligomeric Aβ depresses synaptic transmission within 20 minutes. This depression is dependent on synaptic stimulation and the activation of NMDA-receptors, but not on NMDA-receptor mediated ion flux. It, therefore, appears that Aβ dependent synaptic depression is mediated through a use-dependent metabotropic-like mechanism of the NMDA-receptor, but does not involve NMDA-receptor mediated synaptic transmission, i.e. it is independent of calcium flux through the NMDA-receptor.

PMID:
23750255
PMCID:
PMC3672194
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0065350
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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