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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2013 Jul 10;5(13):5976-85. doi: 10.1021/am400249n. Epub 2013 Jun 24.

Guidance of stem cells to a target destination in vivo by magnetic nanoparticles in a magnetic field.

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Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials, Ministry of Education, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China.


Stem cells contribute to physiological processes such as postischemic neovascularization and vascular re-endothelialization, which help regenerate myocardial defects or repair vascular injury. However, therapeutic efficacy of stem cell transplantation is often limited by inefficient homing of systemically administered cells, which results in a low number of cells accumulating at sites of pathology. In this study, anti-CD34 antibody-coated magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PEG-CD34) are shown to have high affinity to stem cells. The results of hemolysis rate and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) tests indicate that such nanoparticle may be used safely in the blood system. In vitro studies showed that a nanoparticle concentration of 100 μg/mL gives rise to a significant increase in cell retention using an applicable permanent magnet, exerting minimal negative effect on cell viability and migration. Subsequent in vivo studies indicate that nanopartical can specifically bind stem cells with good magnetic response. Anti-CD34 antibody coated magnetic nanoparticle may be used to help deliver stem cells to a lesion site in the body for better treatment.

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