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Endocrinology. 2013 Aug;154(8):2734-8. doi: 10.1210/en.2013-1320. Epub 2013 Jun 7.

Inducible knock out of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-a gene expression in the adult mouse: effect on vascular injury response.

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The Endocrine Research Unit, Division of Endocrinology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.


Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) enhances local IGF signaling through its ability to proteolyze inhibitory IGF binding proteins. In vivo, PAPP-A (like IGF) appears to exhibit antagonistic pleiotropy; ie, it has beneficial effects early in life but detrimental effects later in life. Accordingly, PAPP-A knockout (KO) mice are born as proportional dwarfs and have diminished reproductive vigor and reduced peak bone mass acquisition at puberty. On the other hand, PAPP-A KO mice live approximately 30% longer than their wild-type littermates, with decreased incidence and severity of age-related diseases and resistance to adverse responses of vascular injury. To be able to distinguish the impact of PAPP-A deficiency in the adult from that in early life, we developed a mouse model suitable for inducible Cre recombinase-mediated excision of the PAPP-A gene. In this study, we characterize the conditional PAPP-A KO mouse model for efficacy of tamoxifen-induced floxed PAPP-A excision in various tissues of adult mice and demonstrate a significant (P = .0001) reduction of neointimal formation in these mice after unilateral carotid artery ligation.

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