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J Ethnopharmacol. 2013 Jul 30;148(3):946-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2013.05.049. Epub 2013 Jun 5.

Analgesic effects of glycoproteins from Panax ginseng root in mice.

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1
Jilin Academy of Chinese Medicine and Material Medica Science, Changchun 130012, PR China.

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:

The root of Panax ginseng C.A. Mey has various beneficial pharmacological effects. The present study aimed to evaluate the analgesic activities of glycoproteins from the root of Panax ginseng C.A. Mey in mice.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Glycoproteins were isolated and purified from the root of Panax ginseng C.A. Mey. Physicochemical properties and molecular mass were determined by chemical assay and HPLC. Acetic acid-induced writhing and hot-plate tests were employed to study the analgesic effect of glycoproteins and compared with that of aspirin or morphine. The locomotor activity was tested in mice by using actophometer.

RESULTS:

Four glycoproteins were obtained. The glycoproteins which protein content was the highest (73.04%) displayed dose-dependent analgesic effect. In writhing test, the glycoproteins significantly inhibited writhes (P<0.001) at the dose of 20 mg/kg by intraperitoneal injection. In hot-plate test, only at the dose of 20 mg/kg prolong the hot-plate latency (P<0.05, at 30 min). In the locomotor activity test, the glycoproteins were significant decrease of motility counts at the dose of 20 and 40 mg/kg.

CONCLUSION:

These findings collectively indicate that the glycoproteins from the root of Panax ginseng C.A. Mey exhibited significant analgesic activities and the proteins were the active site, providing evidence for its pharmacal use.

KEYWORDS:

Acetic acid-induced writhing test; Analgesic activity; Glycoprotein; Hot-plate test; Locomotor activity; Root of Panax ginseng C.A. Mey

PMID:
23747537
DOI:
10.1016/j.jep.2013.05.049
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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