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Clin Ther. 2013 Jun;35(6):751-7. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2013.05.005. Epub 2013 Jun 5.

Role of the hospitalist in antimicrobial stewardship: a review of work completed and description of a multisite collaborative.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5376, USA.



Historically, antimicrobial stewardship programs have been led by infectious-disease physicians and pharmacists. With the growing presence of hospitalists in health and hospital systems, combined with their focus on quality improvement and patient safety, this emerging medical specialty has the potential to fill essential roles in antimicrobial stewardship programs.


The goal of this article was to present the reasons hospitalists are ideally positioned to fill antimicrobial-stewardship roles, a narrative review of previously reported hospitalist-led antibiotic-stewardship projects, and a description of an ongoing multisite collaborative by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).


A review of the published literature was performed, including an extensive review of the abstracts submitted to the Society of Hospital Medicine annual meetings.


A number of examples of hospitalists developing and leading antimicrobial-stewardship programs are described. The details of a current multisite IHI/CDC hospitalist-focused initiative are discussed in detail.


Hospitalists are actively involved with, and even lead, a variety of antimicrobial-stewardship programs in several different hospital systems. A large, multisite collaborative focused on hospitalist-led antimicrobial stewardship is currently in progress.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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