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Phys Rev Lett. 2013 May 24;110(21):217002. Epub 2013 May 22.

Time-resolved optical reflectivity of the electron-doped Nd(2-x)Ce(x)CuO(4+δ) cuprate superconductor: evidence for an interplay between competing orders.

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Materials Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.


We use pump-probe spectroscopy to measure the photoinduced reflectivity ΔR of the electron-doped cuprate superconductor Nd(2-x)Ce(x)CuO(4+δ) at a value of x near optimal doping, as a function of time, temperature, and laser fluence. We observe the onset of a negative ΔR signal at T(*)≈75 K, above the superconducting transition temperature, T(c), of 23 K. The relatively slow decay of ΔR, compared to the analogous signal in hole doped compounds, allows us to resolve time-temperature scaling consistent with critical fluctuations. A positive ΔR signal onsets at T(c) that we associate with superconducting order. We find that the two signals are strongly coupled below T(c), in a manner that suggests a repulsive interaction between superconductivity and another fluctuating order.

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