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Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2013 Jul;8(7):1098-105. doi: 10.2215/CJN.09170912. Epub 2013 Jun 6.

Association of plasma des-acyl ghrelin levels with CKD.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

There are no effective therapies for malnutrition in CKD/ESRD patients. This study hypothesized that ghrelin, an endogenous orexigenic hormone, would correlate with renal function and might suggest therapeutic interventions for CKD/ESRD malnutrition.

DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS:

Fifty-one CKD and 15 hemodialysis patients were enrolled. Acyl ghrelin (AG) and des-acyl ghrelin (DG) were determined using separate two-site-specific assays. Leptin, insulin, growth hormone, insulin-link growth factor-1, C-reactive protein, TNF-α, and IL-6 were also measured.

RESULTS:

Univariate correlation analyses showed that CKD stage was highly, positively correlated with the levels of preprandial and postprandial DG and positively correlated with TNF-α, IL-6, leptin, and age. Multivariate partial-correlation analyses showed that CKD was independently associated with the proportion of preprandial and postprandial DG, whereas TNF-α, IL-6, leptin, insulin, and age were not independently associated with either. Geometric mean (GM) preprandial and postprandial AG were comparable between CKD stages ≤2 and >2, whereas GM preprandial DG and postprandial DG were 1.95-fold and 2.17-fold greater, respectively, for CKD stage >2 versus stage ≤2. DG was the dominant form of ghrelin preprandially and postprandially for both CKD stages ≤2 and >2. Dialysis had no effect on AG, but reduced DG by 73% to levels even lower (GM 48.7 pg/ml) than those seen postprandially in CKD stage ≤2 patients (GM 77.0 pg/ml).

CONCLUSIONS:

This study shows a strong and independent correlation of DG with CKD stage. Postprandial suppression of ghrelin is impaired with reduced renal function. Hemodialysis selectively removes DG but not AG.

PMID:
23744005
PMCID:
PMC3700692
DOI:
10.2215/CJN.09170912
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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