Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Anxiety Stress Coping. 2014 Jan;27(1):1-17. doi: 10.1080/10615806.2013.802308. Epub 2013 Jun 6.

Randomized controlled trial of expressive writing for psychological and physical health: the moderating role of emotional expressivity.

Author information

1
Psychology Department , University of California , Los Angeles , CA , USA.

Erratum in

  • Anxiety Stress Coping. 2014 Jan;27(1):I.

Abstract

The current study assessed main effects and moderators (including emotional expressiveness, emotional processing, and ambivalence over emotional expression) of the effects of expressive writing in a sample of healthy adults. Young adult participants (N=116) were randomly assigned to write for 20 minutes on four occasions about deepest thoughts and feelings regarding their most stressful/traumatic event in the past five years (expressive writing) or about a control topic (control). Dependent variables were indicators of anxiety, depression, and physical symptoms. No significant effects of writing condition were evident on anxiety, depressive symptoms, or physical symptoms. Emotional expressiveness emerged as a significant moderator of anxiety outcomes, however. Within the expressive writing group, participants high in expressiveness evidenced a significant reduction in anxiety at three-month follow-up, and participants low in expressiveness showed a significant increase in anxiety. Expressiveness did not predict change in anxiety in the control group. These findings on anxiety are consistent with the matching hypothesis, which suggests that matching a person's naturally elected coping approach with an assigned intervention is beneficial. These findings also suggest that expressive writing about a stressful event may be contraindicated for individuals who do not typically express emotions.

PMID:
23742666
PMCID:
PMC3830620
DOI:
10.1080/10615806.2013.802308
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Taylor & Francis Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center