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J Acoust Soc Am. 2013 Jun;133(6):3692-9. doi: 10.1121/1.4802648.

The wave-field from an array of periodic emitters driven simultaneously by a broadband pulse.

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1
Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom. S.M.Dixon@warwick.ac.uk

Abstract

The use of phased array methods are commonplace in ultrasonic applications, where controlling the variation of the phase between the narrowband emitters in an array facilitates beam steering and focusing of ultrasonic waves. An approach is presented here whereby emitters of alternating polarity arranged in a one-dimensional array are pulsed simultaneously, and have sufficiently wide, controlled bandwidth to emit a two-dimensional wave. This pulsed approach provides a rapid means of simultaneously covering a region of space with a wave-front, whereby any wave that scatters or reflects off a body to a detector will have a distinct arrival time and frequency. This is a general wave phenomenon with a potential application in radar, sonar, and ultrasound. The key result is that one can obtain a smooth, continuous wave-front emitted from the array, over a large solid angle, whose frequency varies as a function of angle to the array. Analytic and finite element models created to describe this phenomenon have been validated with experimental results using ultrasonic waves in metal samples.

PMID:
23742324
DOI:
10.1121/1.4802648
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