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Bioanalysis. 2013 Jun;5(11):1397-407. doi: 10.4155/bio.13.74.

A simple LC-MS/MS method for determination of kynurenine and tryptophan concentrations in human plasma from HIV-infected patients.

Author information

1
Drug Studies Unit, Department of Bioengineering & Therapeutic Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.

Erratum in

  • Bioanalysis. 2013 Jun;5(12):1602.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase, catalyzing tryptophan (Trp) metabolism through the kynurenine (Kyn) metabolic pathway, plays important roles in immune suppression and the CNS. In this article, we report a simple, rapid and specific LC-MS/MS method for accurate determination of Kyn and Trp concentrations in human plasma from HIV-infected patients.

RESULTS:

The human plasma sample (100 µl) was mixed with Kyn-d4 and Trp-d5 internal standards and then precipitated with trifluoroacetic acid. The supernatant was directly analyzed by LC-MS/MS. The assay using surrogate matrix calibrators was validated for precision, accuracy, matrix effect, extraction efficiency and stability. Some assay validation issues for endogenous substance bioanalysis using an LC-MS/MS method are discussed.

CONCLUSION:

A simple, specific and reproducible LC-MS/MS method has been developed and validated for measuring Kyn and Trp in human plasma samples.

PMID:
23742309
PMCID:
PMC3830928
DOI:
10.4155/bio.13.74
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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